Sometimes we forget how complicated a house is. Building scientists know all about a house’s complexity because, even with help from supercomputers, they still can’t reliably simulate many of the processes taking place, let alone model the whole house. Perhaps the biggest challenge is that the darn thing can’t keep still. Cycles with different periods impose their wills on the structure and equipment in not entirely predictable ways. The seasons impose annual cycles for the sun and average temperatures. Every day, that pesky sun—if it comes out at all—seems to exhibit radical changes in location and behavior. It’s tempered with clouds, rain, snow, and hail. Winds shift by the second, both in intensity and direction. Meanwhile, underground, the water table and moisture exerts its own will on the foundation and even the shape of the house.

The poor building envelope gets assaulted from the inside, too. Half of the year it’s warmer inside than outside and during the other half it’s the opposite. But the real world is never that predictable; there will be successive days—even hours—when the situation reverses. Meanwhile the furnace, air conditioner, water heater, and various fans are blowing and sucking in uncoordinated ways,

And then you throw people—and pets—into the equation. Just when the house reaches a tentative steady state between indoors and out, the teenager leaves open his bedroom window, the cat loiters in the pet-door, or the family cooks up a storm in the kitchen.

All of these perfectly normal occurrences can translate into surprising—sometimes baffling—physical processes that affect the comfort, safety, and health of the occupants. The outcomes of these constantly varying forces are often invisible or barely sensible and are sometimes only visible by their proxies: thermal discomfort, noise, condensation, mold, or a door slamming shut unexpectedly.

This long introduction is an explanation of why we (Home Energy magazine) are pleased to reprint a 1998 article on black soot by Frank Vigil (view the article here), along with a 2014 postscript. Black soot or “ghosting” are terms for those black stains that occasionally appear at transitions of the interior envelope, furniture, and many other, often baffling, places. They appear in old and new homes. The number of complaints about black soot suddenly mushroomed in the late 1990s. One theory is that it coincided with the construction of significantly tighter homes and the use of candles. But enough instances of black soot in homes where the occupants burned no candles suggested that other culprits also existed. In any event, the black soot caused consternation among homeowners. Solving the soot problem was also an example of a riddle (and a job) for the emerging profession of building performance experts rather than an annoying call-back for heating and AC contractors.

As Vigil notes in his postscript, the hullabaloo over ghosting and black soot seems to have abated. It has by no means disappeared or been fully solved, though. Vigil’s 1998 article on black soot remains one of the most often visited on Home Energy’s website. And most of us can still easily recall a home with ghosting stains in perplexing locations. In any event, black soot and ghosting are poster children for the home performance specialist.

- Alan Meier

This article originally appeared in the May/June issue of Home Energy magazine. 

Views: 88

Comment

You need to be a member of Home Energy Pros to add comments!

Join Home Energy Pros

Home Energy Pros

Home Energy Pros was founded by the developers of Home Energy Saver Pro (sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy,) and brought to you in partnership with Home Energy magazine.

Latest Activity

Eric Kjelshus commented on Jeremy Begley's blog post The Home Envelope : Does it Really Matter in a Heat Loss Caculation
"IT all matters,  I lot of sealing,  A lot of air barrier.  A lot of "R" A…"
4 hours ago
Michael Dunseith posted a status
"BPI Infiltration and Duct leakage (IDL) Certified"
9 hours ago
Jeremy Begley posted a blog post
12 hours ago
Kim Burnett joined Sean Lintow Sr's group
Thumbnail

Best Practices (Residential)

Best Building, Retrofitting, or even Auditing Practices - what are they, what should change, what…See More
12 hours ago
Kent Mitchell commented on Adam Swain's blog post Top Worst Crawl Space Insulation Ideas
"Hi Adam - It sounds like you may be referring to enclosed crawlspaces - Here in the NW we've…"
15 hours ago
peter chang replied to Damien Greenfield's discussion Is there is cost saving for you in having a tankless water heater?
"I think it is quite possible the greatest savings will be realized by the lowest volume users. I…"
15 hours ago
Marie Fuentes is now a member of Home Energy Pros
15 hours ago
peter chang replied to peter chang's discussion Programmable tstat for electric baseboard?
"Good plan, thanks. That looks pretty much like how I used to program mine (when I had one). Maybe…"
16 hours ago

© 2014   Created by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service