I would like to point out one problem that I have seen with cc foam under the roof deck. Most roofs that I see are leaking to some extent, usually due to poor wall and chimney flashings. A vapor barrier on both sides of the sheathing is a bad idea, especially when you have fiberglass composite or cedar shingles since they are not waterproof. The underlayment is typically 15# felt, which is also not water proof. The only way to ensure that moisture is not driven into the sheathing, for these roofs, is to cover the entire roof deck with ice and water shield.
If you are going to do a hot roof retrofit, ensure the roof is perfect, then use a more vapor open material like cellulose or oc foam. The underlayment is the vapor barrier, so there is no need to have another on the inside.
George - LOL, yeah there is plenty of material in that one
Bill - amen on those recommending upgrades, but the issues you discuss with the roofs in your area (and it seems like quite a few others areas) are a poor excuse to shortchange codes, energy efficiency, & building science. He11 if they followed the codes which says to follow the bloody manufacturer's directions, you shouldn't be having those issues. Now if you're in 2 or 3 dry CZ you can get away with OC (as I recall parts of Utah are, so you might be safe saying that) - everywhere else it requires a vapor barrier sprayed on it, or you use CC foam.
Personally felt paper needs to come off the roofs, and be replaced with either I&W or a product like Titanium UDL. No matter what is used, make sure they do it properly (i.e. no staples, lapped & flashed properly, etc...) If you are going to do a hot roof, the roof needs to be done properly, the sheathing & structure needs to have already been dried out & the proper product installed - with this done, it doesn't matter if you have 2 vapor barriers (in case anything does fail though - I don't want a spounge up there)
I liked a lot about that article. Random, thoughtless improvements cause more negative unanticipated consequences that a more thoughtful and comprehensive approach.
Regarding painting foam with a vapor barrier. Everything I've read, and my intuition, tells me vapor barriers are a thing to avoid (wish I understood perm ratings better - I think there is probably a permeability sweet spot). I have a feeling impermeable moisture barriers are synonymous with unintended/unanticipated consequences.
Maybe the key is to have all materials have a perm within a certain range of each other so moisture, if present, moves at a consistent rate through components rather than backing up at one location.
If moisture drive or movement of any type makes it's way into a building component, I think you want it to be able to move through and out rather than being dramatically slowed/stopped at the boundary of 2 materials.
Thanks, you just made my point for never installing Open Cell foam in the roof area & yes I have seen quite a few of the unattended consequences from using them in the roof area's
Optimally if moisture does get in, you do want it to get back out - but not necessarily by traveling through the entire structure
A few other good resources / primers on this subject would be Building Science Corp & the Energy Nerd on Green Building Advisor
why take the old insulation out
Sorry John, but I have to disagree with that line for a quick second - I don't see it confusing the building and this is commonly done between floors for "sound proofing" reasons.
Teddy, let me throw this back to you, what good do you think it would do to leave it in?
I will say in most retrofit houses that want to go forward this, the insulation is such a mess & their is still so much air sealing work that needs to be done, it is best to remove it
I though more isulation the better. What is the problem with insulation the attic floor and the roof deck too? Are you Venting the attic Too!
There are two general types of foamed roof - hot or vented, but the end result is the attic is brought into the conditioned space. David Meiland likes to say semi-conditioned space which is a better description as some inspectors, HVAC guys, etc... think that you need to add ducting to it. While that is a side point, it is relevant to your question
While insulation is good and generally more is better, placing it in that location doesn't do you any good. The thermal boundary is now the roof, not the ceiling anymore. But won't the attic heat up still - no not really, if done right you are looking at maybe 3 - 5 degrees difference which is about the same as a 2 story house with high ceilings.
I posted this link earlier, but you might have missed it, good primer on what is a hot-roof - http://blog.sls-construction.com/2011/what-is-a-hot-roof
The types of dropped ceilings I referring to are those with the metal frame and drop in 2x2 or 2x4 tiles. The lights are not covered with batts, they are not sealed.
The original house this thread referred to was standard construction. The ones I've run into since then have been this commercial dropped ceiling.
I'm going to differ with those who want just one specific insulation layer. I think leaving insulation in place on the flat after redefining the primary boundary to the roof deck makes this large "unintentionally conditioned" space into a huge additional insulation or temperature loss buffer.
After all, air is the insulating factor, not the material.
Heat goes to cold, right? Bigger the delta, faster it moves, right? So wouldn't heat move from 70 to 50, then 50 to 20 a LOT slower than going straight from 70 to 20?
Of course you need to be cognizant of issues with dew point. And some may argue removing fiberglass removes a health hazard. But for purposes of energy loss, I think the more insulation between intentionally conditioned and outdoors the better.