I saw a house yesterday with a foamed roof deck.  While talking to the HO and his wife, she got the invoice and the recommendation out.  It recommended taking the old insulation out and the spraying 4 inches of foam.

If you take the old out, why foam the roof deck?  Why not foam the attic side of the ceiling?

Why only 4 inches?

Views: 1280

Replies to This Discussion

I would like to point out one problem that I have seen with cc foam under the roof deck. Most roofs that I see are leaking to some extent, usually due to poor wall and chimney flashings. A vapor barrier on both sides of the sheathing is a bad idea, especially when you have fiberglass composite or cedar shingles since they are not waterproof. The underlayment is typically 15# felt, which is also not water proof. The only way to ensure that moisture is not driven into the sheathing, for these roofs, is to cover the entire roof deck with ice and water shield.

If you are going to do a hot roof retrofit, ensure the roof is perfect, then use a more vapor open material like cellulose or oc foam. The underlayment is the vapor barrier, so there is no need to have another on the inside.

George - LOL, yeah there is plenty of material in that one

Bill - amen on those recommending upgrades, but the issues you discuss with the roofs in your area (and it seems like quite a few others areas) are a poor excuse to shortchange codes, energy efficiency, & building science. He11 if they followed the codes which says to follow the bloody manufacturer's directions, you shouldn't be having those issues. Now if you're in 2 or 3 dry CZ you can get away with OC (as I recall parts of Utah are, so you might be safe saying that) - everywhere else it requires a vapor barrier sprayed on it, or you use CC foam. 

Personally felt paper needs to come off the roofs, and be replaced with either I&W or a product like Titanium UDL. No matter what is used, make sure they do it properly (i.e. no staples, lapped & flashed properly, etc...) If you are going to do a hot roof, the roof needs to be done properly, the sheathing & structure needs to have already been dried out & the proper product installed - with this done, it doesn't matter if you have 2 vapor barriers (in case anything does fail though - I don't want a spounge up there)




I liked a lot about that article.  Random, thoughtless improvements cause more negative unanticipated consequences that a more thoughtful and comprehensive approach.  


Regarding painting foam with a vapor barrier.  Everything I've read, and my intuition, tells me vapor barriers are a thing to avoid (wish I understood perm ratings better - I think there is probably a permeability sweet spot).  I have a feeling impermeable moisture barriers are synonymous with unintended/unanticipated consequences.  


Maybe the key is to have all materials have a perm within a certain range of each other so moisture, if present, moves at a consistent rate through components rather than backing up at one location.  


If moisture drive or movement of any type makes it's way into a building component, I think you want it to be able to move through and out rather than being dramatically slowed/stopped at the boundary of 2 materials.  

Thanks, you just made my point for never installing Open Cell foam in the roof area & yes I have seen quite a few of the unattended consequences from using them in the roof area's

Optimally if moisture does get in, you do want it to get back out - but not necessarily by traveling through the entire structure

A few other good resources / primers on this subject would be Building Science Corp & the Energy Nerd on Green Building Advisor


why take the old insulation out

So you don't confuse the building by having 2 thermal barriers on the upper side of your six sided box.  Like insulating the attic floor of an 10 foot ceiling home, installing a dropped ceiling and then putting insulation on the dropped ceiling.

Sorry John, but I have to disagree with that line for a quick second - I don't see it confusing the building and this is commonly done between floors for "sound proofing" reasons.

Teddy, let me throw this back to you, what good do you think it would do to leave it in?

I will say in most retrofit houses that want to go forward this, the insulation is such a mess & their is still so much air sealing work that needs to be done, it is best to remove it 



I though more isulation the better.  What is the problem with insulation the attic floor and the roof deck too? Are you Venting the attic Too!


There are two general types of foamed roof - hot or vented, but the end result is the attic is brought into the conditioned space. David Meiland likes to say semi-conditioned space which is a better description as some inspectors, HVAC guys, etc... think that you need to add ducting to it. While that is a side point, it is relevant to your question 

While insulation is good and generally more is better, placing it in that location doesn't do you any good. The thermal boundary is now the roof, not the ceiling anymore. But won't the attic heat up still - no not really, if done right you are looking at maybe 3 - 5 degrees difference which is about the same as a 2 story house with high ceilings.

I posted this link earlier, but you might have missed it, good primer on what is a hot-roof  - http://blog.sls-construction.com/2011/what-is-a-hot-roof




The types of dropped ceilings I referring to are those with the metal frame and drop in 2x2 or 2x4 tiles.  The lights are not covered with batts, they are not sealed.


The original house this thread referred to was standard construction. The ones I've run into since then have been this commercial dropped ceiling.

I'm going to differ with those who want just one specific insulation layer.  I think leaving insulation in place on the flat after redefining the primary boundary to the roof deck makes this large "unintentionally conditioned" space into a huge additional insulation or temperature loss buffer.  


After all, air is the insulating factor, not the material. 


Heat goes to cold, right?  Bigger the delta, faster it moves, right?  So wouldn't heat move from 70 to 50, then 50 to 20 a LOT slower than going straight from 70 to 20?  


Of course you need to be cognizant of issues with dew point.  And some may argue removing fiberglass removes a health hazard.  But for purposes of energy loss, I think the more insulation between intentionally conditioned and outdoors the better. 



I don't know whate your talking about, but it make sence is if the attic is sealed at the attic floor no air would exescape from the rooms below.


Discussion Forum

Moisture/Mold on rim joist;

Started by John Shillito. Last reply by John Nicholas Jan 10. 6 Replies

Radon - Passive Systems

Started by Sean Lintow Sr. Last reply by Bryan Gabriel Jan 5. 5 Replies

Vented Soffit! DO or DON'T?

Started by Daniel Baur-McGuire. Last reply by Daniel Baur-McGuire Nov 15, 2016. 13 Replies

Water Saver or Gimmick?

Started by Sean Lintow Sr. Last reply by Bob Blanchette Oct 23, 2016. 18 Replies

Duct Testing - is a change in order?

Started by Sean Lintow Sr. Last reply by Sean Lintow Sr Aug 6, 2015. 20 Replies


  • Add Videos
  • View All

Latest Activity

John Nicholas replied to Jim Fowler's discussion TREAT modeling of mid-rise apartments low heating load
"Where is this going?  Are you (the housing authority) trying to set the Utility Allowance?…"
40 minutes ago
Brad Cook replied to Energy Wise Solutions's discussion What causes a temperature plane in a home
"It is interesting that people respond to questions like this with answers that make some…"
3 hours ago
Ed Minch replied to Energy Wise Solutions's discussion What causes a temperature plane in a home
"We see this in the mid-Atlantic with ceiling feeds on a hot air system, and usually with a…"
4 hours ago
North East Hydronic Radiant Inc posted photos
7 hours ago
Julliya Robert is now a member of Home Energy Pros
7 hours ago
Steven Waskewicz replied to angela stanzione's discussion Used Weatherization and auditing equipment for sale in the group Energy Auditing Equipment for Sale, Trade or to Purchase
"In case you are still looking, we still have both devices available for sale, Thermal Imaging…"
8 hours ago
Home Energy Magazine posted a blog post

The Legends of Home Performance

A project long in the making, we're happy to finally reveal some of our Legends of Home Performance…See More
8 hours ago
Home Energy Magazine posted a video

Martin Holladay, Sr Editor, Green Building Advisor

Martin Holladay: Home Energy Magazine's series "Legends of Home Performance". "That revolutionary idea of how to build a super insulated house has not yet ch...
8 hours ago

Home Energy Pros

Welcome to Home Energy Pros – the unique digital community by and for those who work in the home energy performance arena.

Home Energy Pros was founded by the developers of Home Energy Saver Pro (supported by the U.S. Department of Energy) and brought to you in partnership with Home Energy magazine.  Home Energy Pros is sponsored by the Better Buildings Residential Network. Please honor our Guidelines

© 2017   Created by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service