I am trying to quanitfy the energy savings that is generated by having clean furnace filters installed. the furnace filter manufacturers have good data regarding air quality but what does a dirty filter do to the performance of the furnace? 

Views: 277

Reply to This

Replies to This Discussion

To get the conversation going...

Let me start by saying I don't have a complete answer to your question but thought I would throw this out for discussion.

I welcome comments.

 

You can measure the performance difference of the blower between a system with a clean filter and a system with a dirty filter.The measurement will be precise for that one system given those specific filters at that point in time. But it would be hard to apply that to other systems. I don't know if that is of use to you. Also, that is only the blower. I have some thoughts on measuring the rest of the system but they are weak. See below.

 

In order to measure the blower performance you need some way of measuring the energy use of the system.

You could use an Amp meter (Fluke makes a good one) or an energy mgmt device like (e.g. TED  http://www.theenergydetective.com/).

Once you have the energy mgmt device in place, run the system* with the old filter and note the energy use.

Replace the filter and take a new measurement.

Subtracting those two measurements will give you the energy wasted due to the blower.

That should be pretty accurate.

I ran a similar test trying to determine the performance difference with a barometric bypass open vs closed. I ran this test because I suspected the bypass was setup incorrectly and eating to much energy. My test proved my theory with real data.

 

However, you still need to account for the energy wasted from the heating system.

I have no great ideas here but will suggest the following two ideas as a better than nothing solution. I have little confidence of the accuracy of either of these but it might be better than nothing for a ballpark number and it opens up the discussion.

 

1. Use a ratio of the good filter to bad filter energy use and the system rated efficiency to the "bad filter" efficiency.

ex. Blower used 1000 watts with good filter and 1200 watts with bad filter. Furnace is 95% efficient (per mfg).

good filter energy / Bad filter efficiency = good system efficiency /bad system efficiency (BSE)

1000w x 1200 w  = 95% x BSE   or BSE = 88%

 

2. Calculate the additional time that the system has to run due to the inefficiency. Then calculate the fuel cost of that additional time (based on mfg data).

If the system is moving 800 cfm with a clean filter and we calculate the blower is only about 83% efficient  (1000w/1200w), with a dirty filter then the system is pumping 664 cfm. To get the same total volume of air, the system with the dirty filter would need to run 20% more (664cfm x 120% = 800 cfm).

For calculation purposes, let's assume the cost to run the system is $1 per hr per mfg specs, and the system is running 10 hrs per day. It would thus cost an additional 2 hrs and thus $2 per day with the dirty filter.

 

Bonus option: Use both of the above methods and average them out.

 

Paul

RSS

Home Energy Pros

Home Energy Pros was founded by the developers of Home Energy Saver Pro (sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy,) and brought to you in partnership with Home Energy magazine.

Latest Activity

Jim Gunshinan posted blog posts
4 hours ago
H.O. Electric posted a photo

about us-team

H.O. Services is your residential Electric-Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Specialist. We are an…
4 hours ago
H.O. Electric added a discussion to the group News & Announcements
Thumbnail

Stay Cool With Easy To Install Ductless AC System!

Stay Cool With Easy To Install Ductless AC System!   Save $300.00 Off A New AC System For A Limited…See More
4 hours ago
Richard Wells commented on Diane Chojnowski's group Facebook Pages
"Three thousand home energy efficiency audits, and nearly a thousand retrofits in four short…"
6 hours ago
Richard Wells joined Diane Chojnowski's group
Thumbnail

Facebook Pages

Does your company or organization have a Facebook Page?This group is for pros who have facebook…See More
6 hours ago
David Baerg replied to Blake Shurtz's discussion Air sealing wood-burning fireplace from the crawlspace below
"Hi Blake, Do you mean around the underside of the hearth?  Are you trying to seal between the…"
7 hours ago
Tom White's video was featured

Rebirth Realty: Restoring Detroit properties for Venture for America Fellows

Its been a long, cold winter, but we've made significant progress in the restoration of 760 Virginia Park. Join Tim Dingman on a walkthrough to see what we've done.
8 hours ago
Kim Tanner added a discussion to the group Multifamily Buildings
Thumbnail

Blower Door Applications Guide

TEC and Camroden Associates have released their big building testing manual, Blower Door…See More
8 hours ago
Profile Iconmichael coleman, Dan Liska and Rob Moreno joined Home Energy Pros
8 hours ago
Christopher Morin's blog post was featured

5 Things New Energy Efficiency HVAC Contractors Need to Know

1. Do not sell on Price! Use 'Simple Payback'The price of High-efficient equipment will undoubtedly…See More
yesterday
Jim Gunshinan's blog post was featured
yesterday
Kim Tanner commented on Diane Chojnowski's group Home Energy Pros on Twitter
"Follow The Energy Conservatory on Twitter! We'll follow…"
yesterday

© 2014   Created by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service